Regular exercise improves health and fitness. Health is defined as a state of complete mental, physical and social well-being; not merely the absence of illness or infirmity. Fitness is the ability to meet the demands of the environment.
Sport is a good way of relieving stress
Mental benefits include:
Physical benefits include:
Social benefits include:
- meeting people
- making friends
Being a member of a sports club and regularly participating in sport will develop personal qualities from:
- co-operation – working with others
- competition – testing yourself against others
- physical challenge – testing yourself against the environment or your best performances
- aesthetic appreciation – recognizing quality of movement in a performance
Skill related fitness factors
Sportspeople exercise to improve fitness [Fitness: The ability to meet the demands of the environment. ] and performance [performance: how a textile performs in use - eg water proof or hardwearing. ].
Skill related fitness factors are essential for success in sport.
- Agility - the ability to change the position of the body quickly and with control. This helps team players dodge their opponents.
- Balance - the ability to retain the centre of mass above the base of support when stationary (static balance) or moving (dynamic balance). This helps gymnasts maintain their position and prevents games players from falling over at speed.
- Co-ordination - the ability to use two or more body parts together. This helps all athletes to move smoothly and quickly especially when also having to control a ball.
- Power - the ability to use strength at speed. This helps athletes to jump high, throw far or sprint quickly. Power = Strength x Speed.
- Reaction time - the time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of a movement. This helps swimmers to make a fast start.
- NB If you are studying Edexcel, you should list speed as a skill related fitness factor.
- Speed is the differential rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time or how quickly an individual can move. This helps all games players to move into position or get away from opponents quickly.
Now try a Test Bite
Dancers need good static and stationary balance
Rugby players use agility to dodge opponents
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